Countries who offer offshore banking
Most countries impose taxes on income earned or gains realised within that country regardless of the country of residence of the person or firm. Most countries also tax their residents (individuals and companies) on all their worldwide income. One way a person or company takes advantage of tax havens is by moving to, and becoming resident for tax purposes in, an appropriate country. Another way for an individual or a company to take advantage of a tax haven is to establish a separate legal entity (an offshore company, offshore trust or foundation), subsidiary or holding company there. Assets are transferred to the new company or trust so that gains may be realised, or income earned, within this legal entity rather than earned by the beneficial owner.
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- British Virgin Islands
- Cayman Islands
- Cook Islands
- St Kitts
- Turks and Caicos
Some tax havens including some of the ones listed above do charge income tax as well as other taxes such as capital gains, inheritance tax, and so forth. Criteria distinguishing a taxpayer from a non-taxpayer can include citizenship and residency and source of income. For example, in the Cayman Islands, one pays no tax if one earns all one's revenue from outside the country but one does pay tax if one earns income from within the country.